Hilton Head & Bluffton Demographics
As of the census of 2010, there were 37,099 people, 16,535 households, and 10,700 families residing in the town, on a land area of 42.06 square miles (109 km2).
Although the town occupies most of the land area of the island, it is not coterminous with it; there is a small part near the main access road from the mainland, William Hilton Parkway, which is not incorporated into the town.
There were 16,535 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.66.
In the town the population was spread out with 18.1% under the age of 19, 4.4% from 20 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 28.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51 years.
The median income for a household in the town was $68,900. The per capita income for the town was $42,168. About 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line.
Hilton Head Island is part of the Hilton Head Island-Beaufort Micropolitan Statistical Area which includes Beaufort and Jasper counties and has a total estimated 2005 population of 159,247 (U.S. Census Bureau). According to the more detailed data available in the 2000 census, the population included in this micropolitan area (which actually was designated after the census itself) was 64% urban and 36% rural. It includes the urban clusters of Beaufort (2000 pop.: 46,128), Hilton Head Island (47,821), Bluffton (17,546), and Ridgeland (3,616). The urban clusters of Hilton Head Island and Bluffton will probably be merged by the 2010 Census.
According to the census of 2010, there were 12,530 people, 4,417 households, and 3,323 families residing in the town, on a land area of 51.3 square miles (133 km2). The population density was 244.2 people per square mile (94.3/km²). There were 5,393 housing units at an average density of 105.1 per square mile (40.6/km²).
The town of Bluffton grew 882.7% between the 2000 and 2010 census, making it the fastest growing municipality in South Carolina with a population over 2,500. Housing units grew 976.4%.
The racial makeup of the town was 71.4% White, 16.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.0% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.3% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.8% of the population.
There were 4,417 households out of which 54.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 35.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males. Estimated household income for 2009 was $53,386, the estimated median house value was $237,868, median gross rent was $1,179.
Bluffton is part of the Hilton Head, SC Urbanized Area, the Sun City Hilton Head, SC Urban Cluster and the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Beaufort and Jasper counties. As of 2012, the MSA had an estimated year-round population of 193,882.